Many studies have been conducted on a global scale to assess potential impacts of large-scale solar PV on human beings and livestock. In fact, few power-generating technologies have as little environmental impact as photovoltaic solar panels. In contrast to other existing generators like coal or gas-fired power plants, solar farms have no ongoing emissions and operate purely on the conversion of sunlight to electricity.
Because solar panels are encased in heavy-duty glass, there is little risk that the small amounts of potentially hazardous semiconductor material present can be released into the environment.
In the event of a fire, it is theoretically possible for hazardous fumes to be released and inhalation of these fumes could pose a risk to human health. However, researchers do not generally believe these risks to be substantial given the short-duration of fires and the relatively high melting point of the materials present in the solar modules. Moreover, the risk of fire at ground-mounted solar installations is remote because of the precautions taken during site preparation including the removal of fuels and the lack of burnable materials – mostly glass – covering the solar panel.
The solar farm will be surrounded by a 2.4m high cyclone fence, which will restrain children and livestock from entering the solar farm and will prevent them from getting harmed by electrical shocks or other forms of injuries.